The history of each nation , each city - it is his experience, his experienced happy and sad moments , his ups and periods of decline . As they say : who does not remember his past - has no future . And that laid a lot of sense . It is important to remember and understand the lessons of history , to draw conclusions and not repeat the mistakes passed .
City Kharkov cherishes its history not only in numerous publications, photographs, and architectural masterpieces - he saves her in the walls of the Kharkiv Historical Museum.
Museum of Sloboda Ukraine named Gregory Skovoroda - In 1920, under the direction of Nikolai Fedorovich Sumtsov, an outstanding Ukrainian scientist, academician, chairman of the Historical and Philological Society, the first exposition of the Kharkov Historical Museum, was opened then. From that time it began actively replenish the collection, development and expansion of the museum. Like many other cultural institutions of the city, the museum often changed residence. In the days of the Soviet Union first exposition was located in the bishop's house Pokrovsky monastery, then in a former factory Zhirardovskoy.
In 1990, he moved into the building of the former pawnshop , which was built in 1908 by architect Boris Kornienko and is an architectural monument .
At this time, the Kharkiv Museum of History , in fact , contains a number of museums , as his collection includes exhibits of the City Museum of Art , Historical and Philological Society , and the Museum Fund .
The basis of the exhibition comprise exhibits previously held by the great Ukrainian philosopher Gregory Skovoroda , the great Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko , and exhibits provided by theaters and large-scale production of Kharkiv .
In 1930, the museum has changed significantly : changed not only exposure, employees , but also the name - Kharkiv History Museum . Before the start of the war, he became a major in the Soviet Ukraine. His collection consisted of more than a hundred unique historical monuments of different eras . The Great Patriotic War has caused a significant imprint on the museum's collection , which has been virtually destroyed. Collect it again had bit by bit , conducting expeditions to areas of the field . Now this period city life was another exhibition of the Kharkov museum .
Now the museum four exhibitions : primitive society , feudalism , capitalism , and the Soviet period .